Mallorca is definitely an island located in the Mediterranean and beyond, on the list of Balearic Islands.
The capital from the island, Palma, is additionally the capital in the autonomous community with the Balearic Islands. The Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Majorca (inside municipality of Palma). The anthem of Majorca is La Balanguera. Wonderful nature attract a lot of turist, if you’re lookinf  for Fincas Mallorca you can discover awesome villas.
Such as other Balearic Islands of Ibiza, Formentera and Minorca, the island is a highly popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists through the British isles, Germany, Ireland , Poland and the Scandinavian countries. The name derives from Latin insula maior, “larger island”; later Maiorica, “the more expensive one” in comparison to Minorca, “the smaller one.”

Founding of Majorca
Burial chambers and traces of habitation through the Paleolithic period (6000–4000 BCE) have been located. This tropical isle was occupied because of the Romans in 123 BCE under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. It flourished under Roman rule, where the towns of Pollentia (Alcúdia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. Your neighborhood economy was largely driven by olive cultivation, viticulture, and salt mining. Majorcan soldiers were valued inside Roman legions with regards to skill while using the sling.
In 426, the Vandals sacked the area, and annexed it thus to their kingdom in 465. In 534, Majorca was conquered through the Byzantine Empire, and administered included in the province of Sardinia (see also Gymnesian Islands). Under Byzantine rule, Christianity flourished and numerous churches were built. But from 707, this tropical isle was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa.

In 902, the Caliphate of Córdoba conquered Majorca, ushering in the new duration of prosperity for that island. While using the Caliphate at its height, the Moors improved agriculture with irrigation and developed local industries.
Following Caliphate was dismembered in 1015, a brand new, more decadent, era started. Majorca received rule by the Taifa of Dénia, and from 1087 to 1114 was a completely independent Taifa in that period the island was visited by Ibn Hazm. However, in 1114, an expedition of Pisans and Catalans overran the island, laying siege to Palma for eight months.
As soon as the city fell, the invaders retreated, and were replaced through the Almoravides from North Africa, who ruled till 1176. The Almoravides were replaced by the Almohad dynasty until 1229. Within the ensuing confusion and unrest, King James I of Aragon launched an invasion which landed on Santa Ponsa, Majorca, on September 8–9, 1229 with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses, entering the location of Medina Mayurqa on December 31, 1229, and annexing the area to his Crown of Aragon following a campaign which climaxed on October 30, 1230.
Following death of James I in 1276, his kingdom was divided between his sons. James II became king in the new Kingdom of Majorca. In 1344, King Peter IV of Aragon invaded, and re-incorporated the city in the Crown.
From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was at dynastic union to be able of Castile. The Barbary corsairs of North Africa often attacked the Balearic Islands, and in response coastal watchtowers and fortified churches were erected. In 1570, King Philip II of Spain and the advisors were considering complete evacuation in the Balearic islands. Noisy . 1700s, the War with the Spanish Succession triggered the replacing that dynastic union which has a unified Spanish monarchy. In 1716, the Nueva Planta decrees made Majorca perhaps the Spanish province of Baleares, roughly the same as present-day Illes Balears province and autonomous community. In 1891 an illness destroyed Majorca’s vineyards and decimated the island’s main source of income. From 1891 to 1895 Majorca witnessed an essential emigration of islanders to mainland Spain and south america.

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